Temple Cloud

Adhi Thiruvarangam Ranganatha Perumal Temple

ஆதி திருவரங்கம் ரங்கநாதப் பெருமாள் கோயில்

God Name Ranganatha Perumal
Goddess Name Ranganayagi Thaayar
Town Adhi Thiruvarangam
District Villupuram district
State Tamilnadu
Architecture Dravidian Architecture
Age of Temple 1000-2000 Years
Sthala Viruksham Punnaga Tree
Parikaram Chandra Dosham
Morning Time From 6:00 am
Morning Time Break Just few minutes
Evening Time To 8:00 pm
Evening Break Just few minutes
Temple Person Name Temple Office
Temple Phone 4153293677,8144047339
Temple Tank Chandra Pushkarani,Thenpennai River
Auto Taxi Chennai
Railway Villupuram
Bus Stop Adhi Thiruvarangam
Temple Details

Adhirangam Ranganathaswamy temple or Ranganatha Perumal Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to Vishnu located in Adhi Thiruvarangam in the Taluk of Sankarapuram, Tamil Nadu, India. Constructed in the Dravidian style of architecture, the temple is believed to have been built by the Medieval Cholas, with later contributions from Vijayanagar kings. The temple covers an area of 5 acres (20,000 m2) and has a historical grain storage container.

Ranganatha Perumal is believed to have appeared to king Mahabali and the Azhwars. Six daily rituals and a dozen yearly festivals are held at the temple, of which the chariot festival, celebrated during the Tamil month of Chittirai (March–April), is the most prominent. The temple is open from 6 am to 7:30 pm. The temple is maintained and administered by the Hindu Religious and Endowment Board of the Government of Tamil Nadu. LEGEND : As per Hindu legend, a demon king named Somukan stole all the Vedas from the Devas and all the sages were worried. They appealed to Vishnu, who appeared as Ranganatha at this place to emerge from water to rescue the scriptures. He is also believed to have advised Brahma at this place. As per another legend, a king named Surakeerthi who was childless worshipped Vishnu at this place to get children. Chandra, the moon god, lost all his glow on account of a curse he incurred. The celestial deities advised him to worship Vishnu at this place. He established a tank and worshipped Ranganatha with the holy waters and believed to have been relieved off his curse. The temple tank, Chandra Pushkarani, is believed to be the tank he established.

The temple has a flat rajagopuram, the gateway tower and is surrounded by tall granite walls. The temple covers an area of 2 acres (8,100 m2) and has two precincts. The presiding deity, Ranganatha Perumal, has an imposing image measuring 29 ft (8.8 m) made of mooligai silai(idol made with herbs) and is seen in reclining posture in the sanctum. The five headed snake Adisesha is sported as an umbrella for the presiding deity made of stucco. The sanctum also houses the image of Sridevi near his head and Bhudevi near his foot. The festival deity, Rangarajan along with his consorts Sridevi and Bhudevi are also housed in the sanctum. There is a mace made of silver located near the arm and the image of Garuda seen in praying posture is located near the foot of the presiding deity. The images of Azhwars are housed in the hall preceding the sanctum. The central shrine is approached from the gopuram axially through a four pillared mani mandapam and pillared halls of mukha mandapam and artha mandapam. The shrine of Ranganayaki, the consort of Ranganathar is located in a shrine parallel to the sanctum. The temple has a historical grain storage container made of brick located in the south east corner of the temple. The granary is one of its kind as in other temples like Srirangam, Jambukeswarar Temple at Tiruvanaikaval and Palaivananathar Temple at Papanasam. It is believed that famers in the region store their grains in the temple, which also accommodates contributions of the donors to the temple. There are shrines of Kodandarama, Hanuman and Krishna around the sanctum. The shrine of Ranganayagi has sculpted pillars made in Vijayanagara style. There is a huge foot of Vishnu is seen around the western side in the first precinct.


The temple priests perform the pooja (rituals) during festivals and on a daily basis. As at other Vishnu temples of Tamil Nadu, the priests belong to the Vaishnavaite community, a Brahmin sub-caste. The temple rituals are performed six times a day: Ushathkalam at 7 a.m., Kalasanthi at 8:00 a.m., Uchikalam at 12:00 p.m., Sayarakshai at 6:00 p.m., Irandamkalam at 7:00 p.m. and Ardha Jamam at 10:00 p.m. Each ritual has three steps: alangaram (decoration), neivethanam (food offering) and deepa aradanai (waving of lamps) for both Ranganatha Perumal and Ranganayagi. During the last step of worship, nagaswaram (pipe instrument) and tavil (percussion instrument) are played, religious instructions in the Vedas (sacred text) are recited by priests, and worshippers prostrate themselves in front of the temple mast. There are weekly, monthly and fortnightly rituals performed in the temple. The image of the presiding deity is made of stucco and hence sacred ablutions are not performed for it. The temple follows Vaikasana Agama. The festivals associated with Vishnu like Vaikunta Ekadasi, Krishna Janmashtami, Ramanavami and Adi Pooram are celebrated in the temple. The prime temple festival, the Brahmotsavam, has been suspended for many years on account of poor patronage.


The temple is considered as Periya Perumal temple, meaning the image of presiding Ranganathar is larger than the one found at Ranganathar Temple at Srirangam. The temple finds mention in the Sanskrit work Skanda Purana.


A demon, Somukhan by name, stole the Vedas to conquer Devas and hid them somewhere. Devas appealed to Lord Vishnu for the recovery of the Vedas. Lord killed the demon, recovered the Vedas and taught them to Lord Brahmma in this shrine. A king, Sruthakeerthi by name, following the advice of Rishi Naradha, worshipped Perumal here for child boon. He was blessed with four children. It is generally said that this shrine is not mentioned by Azhwars in their Mangalasasanam hymns. Yet, according to researchers, the verse beginning with the line “Voruvadal” and in other ten verses beginning with the line “Ezhai Edhalan” by Tirumangai Azhwar contains the Mangalasasanam respect, quoting epigraphic details. Sri Vedanta Desikan’s Nipasa Thilakam also has a mention about the temple.


Chandra-Moon due to the curse of his wives lost his luster and began to fade. As advised by Maharshi Naradha, he came to this place, worshipped Perumal and got his curse removed. He bathed in the Theertha in southeast of this temple and performed penance. Hence this spring is named Chandra Pushkarini. Later Devas appealed to Perumal that He should make this place His abode. Responding to their prayers, Perumal called the divine sculptor Viswakarma and ordered him to make an idol. Viswakarma made a Big Idol in a reclining form and installed here. Perumal fulfilled the prayer of the Devas and is gracing devotes from this temple.

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